Use of Natural Graphite for an Energy Storage Device

P. D. D Dilhani, K. S. Perera, K. P. Vidanapathirana, K. Vignarooban


Ever growing high concerns over use of safe and low cost devices have provided a substantial attention on natural materials. As such natural graphite which has been deeply integrated into numerous applications is being received a consideration to be used for electrochemical devices. The main objective of this study is to explore the suitability of Sri Lankan natural graphite to serve in electrochemical double layer capacitors (EDLCs). In order to uplift the safety of the device, a gel polymer electrolyte was used instead of a liquid electrolyte. Two identical electrodes were consisted with Sri Lankan natural graphite as the active material and polyvinylidenefluoride as the binder. To prepare the electrolyte, polyvinylidenefluoride co hexafluoropropylene and magnesium perchlorate were used as the polymer and the salt respectively. Cyclic voltammetry test results show that single electrode specific capacitance is depending on the potential window. The percentage reduction of capacitance with continuous cycling was about 28%. Nyquist plot of EDLC further confirm the capacitive nature at low frequency.

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