The Research on the Relationship between the Social Support and Mental Health Status of the Rural Elderly Five Years after 5.12 Earthquake

Wang Fenfen, Zeng Maochun, Li Pengsen, Xiong Ruicai


Objective: To understand the mental health status and social support status of the elderly population in rural areas after 5.12 earthquake disaster and its influence on mental health status. Methods: 195 rural elderly in Pengzhou mountainous areas (Longmen mountain town, Ci feng town, Xiao yudong town, Tongji town, Bailu town, Xinxing town) 6 towns were investigated by random questionnaire, self-made demographic scale, Symptom self-rating Scale (SCL-90) and Social Support scale. Results: (1) The social support status of the rural elderly was good, but the mental health levels were significantly lower than the national norm (p<0.001), and the prevalence of psychological symptoms was 6.16% (12/195). (2) The total score of social support and scores of subjective support were negatively correlated with the depression factors of mental health (r subjective support = -0.167 p<0.05, r social support total mark = -0.168 p<0.05), and the subjective support had a predictive effect on depression (β=-0.086, p<0.05). Conclusion: Although the detection rate of mental health of rural elderly in the five years after the earthquake is not high, the score of all dimensions of scl-90 is significantly lower than the norm, and the good social support will alleviate mental health problems.

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