White-Collar Criminals in Modern Management

Petter Gottschalk


Criminal behavior among executives is a complicated challenge in human resource management.
Based on a sample of 305 convicted white-collar criminals in Norway, four groups of criminals are
discussed in this paper: criminal entrepreneurs, corporate criminals, criminal followers, and female
criminals. There are significant differences between these groups. Crime amount in terms of Norwegian
kroner is highest for corporate criminals and lowest for female criminals. It is interesting to note than
even if crime amount for corporate criminals is higher than for criminal entrepreneurs, corporate
criminals receive a shorter jail sentence than criminal entrepreneurs. It seems that crime on behalf of
the business is treated more mildly in court, when compared to crime on behalf of the person himself.
When followers are involved in the crime, there are more persons participating in the crime. The lowest
number of participants is found in cases of criminal entrepreneurship.

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