Building Land Cover Objects Following the IPCC Guidelines for Carbon Emission Estimation. Case Study in the Central Highlands of Vietnam

Le Q. Hung, Vu T. P. Thao


We estimated the carbon emissions in the field of Land Use, Land Use Change, and Forestry (LULUCF) by using advanced technology to build the input data. Remote sensing, including satellite remote sensing and Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) with transparency, multi-time, and wide coverage characteristics, is useful in this area. The article focuses on the proposed regulations and building process of subjects in the land cover of the Vietnamese mainland following the guidance of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change as applied to carbon emission estimation. We propose a process to estimate carbon emissions using the Agriculture and Land Use Greenhouse Gas Inventory software with input data extracted from the remote sensing images. An experiment on land cover change was carried out over ten years between 2006 and 2016 in the Central Highlands of Vietnam. The results obtained with remote sensing data classification for land cover categories achieved a reliability of 69% for the year 2006 and 66% for the year 2016. The carbon emission estimation data were checked and used in Vietnam’s biennial update report to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, including content and updated information on the greenhouse gas inventory.

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