Investigating Heat Loss through Vestibule Doors for a Non-Residential Building

Patrick Maxwell, Faisal Durrani, Mahroo Eftekhari


The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of air flow movement through high use front entrance doors of a college building with large flows of people. The objectives were to visualize and quantify the resultant energy losses through the entrance doors, coupled with investigating any potential improvements that can be obtained through improved design. The findings of the study suggest that the heat loss from the front entrance design can contribute to up to 2.8% of the buildings’ energy loads. It was also seen that a vestibule creates a tunnel effect for cold ambient air to enter the building without hot air escaping from the vestibule. Rather hot stale air exits through openings at the ceiling height. Potential solutions with entrance design are investigated and their results compared to the outcomes of a similar model designed using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD).

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