Comparison of Different Solar Thermal Energy Collectors and Their Integration Possibilities in Architecture

Humam Kayali, Asst. Professor Dr. Halil Alibaba


Solar energy is becoming an alternative for the limited fossil fuel resources. One of the simplest and most direct applications of this energy is the conversion of solar radiation into heat, which can be used
in water heating systems. A commonly used solar collector is the flat-plate. A lot of research has been conducted in order to analyze the flat-plate operation and improve its efficiency.
The solar panel can be used either as a stand-alone system or as a large solar system that is connected to the electricity grids. The earth receives 84 Terawatts of power and our world consumes about 12 Terawatts of power per day. We are trying to consume more energy from the sun using solar panel. In order to maximize the conversion from solar to electrical energy, the solar panels have to be positioned perpendicular to the sun. Thus the tracking of the sun’s location and positioning of the solar panel are important.
The main goal of this article is explaining all the solar thermal systems available and the integration possibilities with comparisons for better usages and integration process into design.

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