Efficient Utilization of Urban Fringe Area for Smart Urban Growth with Proposed Compact Township Design: A Case Study in Pabna District, Bangladesh

Muhaiminul Islam, Abdulla-Al Kafy, Dulal Sarker, S. M. Abdullah Al-Fatin, Md. Mehedi Hasan


In last few decades Bangladesh has been facing major urbanization throughout different cities. Also, the urban growth of this cities will not follow any planning standard and increases haphazardly which causes serious urban sprawl. The Compact Township (CT) Design is considered one of the best planning strategies that can control the haphazard growth of urban sprawl and develop more sustainable cities which will benefit Bangladesh in the environmental, social and economic dimensions. Pabna district, Bangladesh faces major urbanization problem in last few decades because of its large amount of existing resources and opportunities. Ishwardi Thana in Pabna district has been selected as the study area for CT design. The aim of this study is to estimate the decadal urban growth of study area using Landsat images from 1996-2016 as well as Proposed an effective CT Design to control haphazard urban growth in the fringe area. From the image analysis using Arc GIS 10.4 and Erdas Imagine software, it’s clearly noticeable that Ishwardi Thana has been facing more urban growth from any other Thana in Pabna District. Also, the study area consists of a significant amount of urban fringe area which is suitable for the development of CT. The proposed CT design in “Majdia site” situated in selected study area where Zoning techniques have been used in 245 acres area. To make the design production and transport-oriented the location is divided into high-class residential zone, middle-class residential zone, lower class residential zone and Mix use zone, etc. According to the design and estimation, the 245 acres area can provide accommodations about 25200 population with easy accessibility of work and basic amenities. Considering all the condition, planning strategies of the CT is meant to guarantee a good accessibility and integrate collective transports, services and attractive public spaces to avoid the increase of the urban sprawl.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22158/uspa.v1n2p150


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