Women in STEM Interview Analysis: Encouraging Young Female Learners in STEM Pathways

Kimberly K. Arcand, Sara R. Price, Lisa F. Smith, Brian Hsu


This study used a qualitative approach to examine potential obstacles to and challenges in working in a STEM field for females from underrepresented groups. Unstructured interviews with 11 adult females representing diverse groups and various STEM careers yielded important historical perspectives, along with recommendations for building STEM careers for young females today. The findings indicated the critical role of having a strong mentor, role model, or support system in place along the STEM pathway; the need to work with and engage females in STEM activities and subjects when they are as young as possible, preferably while in primary/elementary school; and the importance of developing a sense of STEM self-efficacy in young females. Recommendations are given to inform studies in science communication and informal education.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22158/csm.v5n3p17


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