The Effectiveness of Information in Diabetes Mellitus Treatment Adherence

Gladis Tenenbojm, Rosangela Filipini, Glaucia Luciano da Veiga, Beatriz da Costa Aguiar Alves, Fernando Luiz Affonso Fonseca

Abstract


Background: Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is characterized by deficiencies in insulin action and secretion, and difficulties in regulating hepatic glucose production, which may lead to significant complications. Our aim was verify if DM carriers that are recipients of communication actions have a better adherence to treatment, and, consequently, a better control of the disease. Methods: It is a quantitative study of descriptive nature. The research was conducted in a diabetes association, and the sample consisted of 112 individuals who participated in the National Diabetes Campaign, promoted by this institution. A questionnaire consisting of 56 questions was used and was divided in three parts: Demographics; level of knowledge of the disease; and communication participation. Data was processed and analyzed using the statistical software EpiInfo, version 7.2. Results: 82.1% of the sample are in the 60 to 85 age group, 56.2% are females; 31.3% had 1 to 4 years of schooling and 30.3% are employed. It was found that 21.4% frequent AD (Diabetes Association) and the main mentioned complications of DM were: amputation; blindness and kidney problems. It was evidenced that attending an AD is correlated with better glycated hemoglobin results (HbA1c ? 7%). Conclusion: It is highlighted that DM carriers who are recipients of communication actions have a better adherence to treatment, and, consequently, a better control of the disease.

 


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22158/rhs.v3n2p31

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Copyright (c) 2018 Gladis Tenenbojm, Rosangela Filipini, Glaucia Luciano da Veiga, Beatriz da Costa Aguiar Alves, Fernando Luiz Affonso Fonseca

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