Delaware’s 1999-2017 Leading Causes of Death Information Illustrates Its Obesity and Obesity-Related Life-Limiting Disease Burdens

Malcolm J. D’Souza, Riza C. Li, Derald E. Wentzien


Using commercially available but powerful big data analytics, this non-clinical obesity and underlying causes of death observational study, analyzed the very large US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC) State of Obesity records, the CDC WONDER data, and the US census records. Compared to the 1999-to-2017 US obesity rate increase of 29.8%, an uncontrolled increase in Delaware’s obesity rate (81.7%) was observed.

During the same time period, CDC WONDER death certificate archives disclosed that there was a 60.53% surge in crude Delawarean mortality rate when obesity was listed as a single underlying cause of death. When any mention of obesity was documented on the death certificate, Delaware’s 1999-2017 crude mortality rate advanced by 75.69% and its age-adjusted rate rose by 53.18%. Likewise, except for one year, Delaware’s African American/Black population experienced higher crude mortality rate averages but however, between the years of 1997 and 2017, its Caucasian/White inhabitants had an enormous 87.34% death rate increase. With additional available CDC mortality data, Delaware males saw substantially larger age-adjusted death rate increases (79.87%) than their female counterparts (28.92%).

Diabetes, circulatory system diseases, and neoplasms (cancer), are three common obesity comorbidities. For these three conditions, Delaware’s 1999-2017 mortality rate figures mimic the falling national patterns of mortality rate averages, when each disease is listed as the single underlying cause of death, including observations where there are disproportionate numbers of cases that affect the African American/Black race.

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Copyright (c) 2019 Malcolm J. D’Souza, Riza C. Li, Derald E. Wentzien

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