Analysis on Hydraulic Design of Runner Blades of Francis Turbine

Jing Yang


Francis turbine is the most widely used model in hydropower station, and the hydraulic design of runner blades affects the efficiency of the unit. This paper discusses how to complete the hydraulic design of Francis turbine runner blades according to the given parameters. In hydraulic design of Francis turbine runner, firstly, the structural scheme is determined according to the given parameters. On the basis of referring to excellent hydraulic model, a Francis turbine runner blade is designed according to the given head. By analyzing and calculating the data, the geometric parameters and axial projection of the Francis turbine runner flow channel are determined, and the axial flow network is drawn and checked, so as to complete the calculation of axial vortex line and blade drawing. Finally, the airfoil is thickened by a certain thickening principle.

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