Intangible Cultural Heritage Awareness Survey among Residents in Zhangzhou City: A Perspective on Cultural Heritage Security

Chang Liu


This study, taking the perspective of cultural heritage security, conducted a survey among residents of Zhangzhou on their awareness of intangible cultural heritage (ICH) using questionnaires. The findings reveal that residents of Zhangzhou exhibit relatively high awareness of ICH in folk customs, fine arts, and drama, while awareness is comparatively lower in music and folk performing arts. The primary channels of awareness include new media (66.6%), traditional media (53.3%), and family and friends (51.5%). Traditional drama (60.6%) and traditional craftsmanship (57.3%) emerge as the most prominent areas of interest among ICH projects. The majority supports heritage protection through live demonstrations and multimedia materials, emphasizing challenges such as insufficient government support, inadequate media coverage, and a shortage of heritage inheritors. The government is perceived as the primary responsible entity (32.9%), while heritage inheritors are considered the main custodians (36.2%). Regarding consumption related to ICH, most respondents adopt a cautious stance, with 59.8% indicating an annual spending of less than 500 yuan. In conclusion, the survey calls for collective efforts within society to address key issues in heritage protection, ensuring its sustainable inheritance and development.

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